What is the full form of NASA

The full form of NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, an independent agency responsible for the federal government's civil space program

What is the full form of NASA
What is the full form of NASA

NASA full form

The full form of NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, an independent agency responsible for the federal government's civil space program and aerospace science. It was founded on October 1, 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower through the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which deals with the development of peaceful rather than military space technologies and is responsible for the science of the United States and space technology, exploration and aircraft.

Table of contents

1.NASA full form

2.NASA Vision


2.2.Human Exploration and Operations


2.4.Space Technology

3.Space Flight Programs

3.1.List of Crewed programs

3.2.List of Uncrewed programs

4.NASA Grant Program Highlights

5.NASA Facilities

5.1.Inherited from NACA

5.2.Transferred from the Army



NASA Vision

The headquarters of NASA is in Washington, and it has 10 NASA centers across the United States of america It also has seven NASA workplaces for testing and studying Earth and space. NASA's work can be divided into 4 different types:


Aeronautics: It is in charge for the development of advanced aviation technologies.

Human Exploration and Operations: It deals with the handling of manned space missions, international space station as well as operations related to launching services, space transportation, and space communications for both manned and REP-robotic exploration programs.

Science: It deals with the programs designed for understanding the origination, structure, evolution, and future of the Earth, the solar system, and the universe.

Space Technology: It deals with the development of space science and research technologies.



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Space Flight Programs

NASA has carried out several manned and unmanned space projects throughout its history. The unmanned programs launched the first American artificial satellites into orbit for research and communication purposes and sent research probes to explore the planets of the solar system, from Venus and Mars to the major planetary tours.



List of Crewed programs

X-15 rocket aircraft from 1959 to 1968.

Mercury project from 1958 to 1963.

Gemini project from 1961 to 1966

Apollo program from 1961 to 1972.

Skylab from 1965 to 1979.

Apollo-Soyuz test project from 1972 to 1975

Program of the Space Shuttle from 1972 to 2011

International Space Station from 1993 to date.

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List of Uncrewed programs

Explorer 1 to the first unmanned satellite in the United States (1958)

Pioneer 10 to the first spacecraft to visit Jupiter (1973)

Pioneer 11 to the first spacecraft to visit Saturn (1979)

Voyager 2 to the first spacecraft to visit Uranus in 1986 and Neptune in 1989, respectivel


NASA Grant Program Highlights

1.Space Scholarship: NASA introduced the National Space Scholarship Scholarship and University Program, also known as the Space Scholarship, in 1989. It is a network of colleges and universities working to create and expand opportunities for Americans to use NASA space and aviation projects to support and improve science and technology education, research, and outreach.


2.NASA Research Opportunities: NASA's primary role is to support science and technology research. Apply for research by posting research announcements in various science and technology disciplines. Through a peer review process, it evaluates and selects research proposals that are received in response to these research announcements.


3.Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs: These are NASA programs to fund research, development and demonstration of innovative technologies that meet NASA's needs and have tremendous potential for successful commercialization . .

4.International Space Station Funding Options: NASA funding is available through NASA Research Announcements (NRA). Various typing funds are available to scientists, which are used for research and development of the International Space Station (ISS), development and processing of payloads, operations in orbit, and funding of the National Laboratory for the use of the space station agencies, as well as private and nonprofit organizations .



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NASA Facilities

NASA headquarters in Washington, DC provides general guidance and political guidance to the agency's ten field service centers, through which all other facilities are administered. Four of these were inherited from NACA; two others were transferred by the army; and NASA commissioned and built the other four shortly after they were founded.



Inherited from NACA

Langley Research Center (LaRC) in Hampton, Virginia. LaRC is focused on aeronautical research, although the Apollo lunar lander has been flight tested at the facility and several high profile space missions have been planned and designed on site. Space task group. Ames Research Center (ARC) at Moffett Field was established on December 20, 1939. The center was named after Joseph Sweetman Ames, a founding member of NACA, in California's Silicon Valley. Historically, Ames was founded to conduct wind tunnel research on the aerodynamics of propeller-driven aircraft; however, it has expanded its role to conduct research and technology in the aerospace, space and information technology fields. Provides a leadership position in astrobiology, small satellites, robotic lunar exploration, intelligent / adaptive systems, and thermal protection.



Transferred from the Army

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is located in the San Gabriel Valley area of ​​Los Angeles County, California and headquartered in the city of La Cañada Flintridge with an address in Pasadena. Managed by the nearby California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the JPL's primary role is to build and operate robotic planetary spacecraft, but it also conducts astronomy and Earth orbit missions. He is also responsible for the operation of NASA's Deep Space Network. The George C. Arsenal Space Flight Center near Huntsville, Alabama is one of NASA's largest centers. MSFC is where the Saturn V rocket and Spacelab were developed. Marshall is NASA's primary center for the design and assembly of the International Space Station (ISS); Payloads and related crew training; and was the driver of the space shuttle's propulsion system and its external tank. As of December 1959, it contained the Launch Operations Directorate, which moved to Florida on July 1, 1962 to become the Launch Operations Center.